Thursday

The shark that was found to be 512 years old was one of 28 Greenland sharks to be analyzed by the scientists.

 Researchers have found an ancient shark in North Atlantic, believed to be 512 years old, which could be the oldest living vertebrate in the world. While the animal was discovered a few months ago, its potential age was revealed in a study in the Science journal.

Marine biologist Julius Nielsen found that an 18-foot Greenland shark his team had been studying was at least 272 years older and possibly as much as 512 years old. Earlier this year professor Kim Praebel, from the Arctic University of Norway, found that Greenland sharks could have a lifespan of up to 400 years. But the recent research proves that the species could be even older. With the help of mathematical model analyzing the lens and the cornea that linked size with age, researchers found a way to predict age.

By measuring the size of the recent Greenland shark found, researchers suggest the animal could have been born as early as 1505, making it even older than Shakespeare. Greenland sharks grow at a rate of one centimeter a year, enabling scientists to determine their age by measuring their size.

Greenland sharks are found in deep water in the Atlantic Ocean, from Canada to Norway. The species is often plagued by worm-like parasites that latch onto their eyes. These sharks have been known to feast on rotting polar bear carcass.

In September, Nielsen shared a stomach-churning photo of the remains of a polar bear extracted from the stomach of a Greenland shark.


"And no, I don’t think the shark attacked the bear,’ Nielsen wrote. "It is much more likely a carcass found by the shark. Polar bear remnants in Greenland shark stomachs are extremely rare and polar bears are considered of no importance as food source for sharks in Greenland waters."

Praebel had been looking into how Greenland sharks' "long life" genes could shed light on what determines life expectancy in different species, including humans.


"This is the longest living vertebrate on the planet," he said. "Together with colleagues in Denmark, Greenland, USA, and China, we are currently sequencing its whole nuclear genome which will help us discover why the Greenland shark not only lives longer than other shark species but other vertebrates."


Amid the study into "long-life" genes, studies have also shed new light on the shark's behavior.

"Since the Greenland shark lives for hundreds of years, they also have enough time to migrate over long distances and our genetic results showed exactly that," Praebel reportedly said. "Most of the individuals in our study were genetically similar to individuals caught thousands of kilometers away."
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As a woman of color, as an Anishinaabe woman, I believe I am the best candidate for this position. My lived experiences, both challenging and beautiful, have shaped who I am and what I am passionate about today.

Leech Lake Band Member Korina Barry has recently announced that she will be seeking the District 62B seat in the Minnesota House of Representatives. Current incumbent, Susan Allen (Rosebud Sioux) decided last week she would not seek reelection in the 2018 election cycle.

Korina shared the following message in a press release sent out this weekend:

Boozhoo, mino-gigizheb. Korina Barry indizhinkaaz zhaaginaashimong. Waabaninoodikwe anishinaabemong. Makwa indoodem. Gaa-zaagaskwaajimekaag indoonjibaa.

Hello, good morning, my name is Korina Barry. My spirit name is East Wind Woman. I am bear clan and I am an enrolled member of the Leech Lake Band of Ojibwe. I am here today to announce my run for House Representative for District 62B. I grew up in south Minneapolis, and have resided in the Field neighborhood for 3 years. As an Anishinaabe woman who grew up in poverty, I have experienced a great deal of adversity in my life and have embraced many challenges, including overcoming obstacles to accessing a college education. Additionally, I come from a long line of strong and resilient women.

 My relatives have fought for survival; they continue to fight every day for their basic human rights and equal opportunity. I have watched and supported my mother through some of the most unthinkable and life-changing events. I want a better future for people, like my mother, and other fellow community members who are struggling, who feel like their voices are silenced and forgotten. I am dedicated to fighting for greater equity and access to opportunities to succeed for our most underrepresented communities.


As a woman of color, as an Anishinaabe woman, I believe I am the best candidate for this position. My lived experiences, both challenging and beautiful, have shaped who I am and what I am passionate about today. My campaign will be about advocating for policies that will make a difference for people experiencing the impact of inequities and harmful policies, and being their voice at the Legislature.


Connect with Korina Barry: Email: Korinafor62b@gmail.com Facebook: fb.me/korinabarryfor62b Twitter: https://twitter.com/korinabarry

Wednesday

Simpson’s recent fame has thrilled her parents, her entire hometown and her Native-American tribe, the Haliwa-Saponi.

“Our people, especially within the tribal community, are very supportive and I think that it has meant a great deal to them – having something positive to come from our small community,” Michael Mills said.

Last week, Simpson sang “Amazing Grace” on the hit television show “The Voice.” Jimille and her husband, Micheal Mills, have listened to their now 26-year-old daughter’s singing voice for the past 24 years.

“Her dreams of wanting to do this for a living and do this for a life. This dream, was coming to pass,” Jimille Mills said.

Jimille Mills has seen every one of Simpson’s performances on “The Voice” from a front-row seat. Simpson’s “Amazing Grace” shot to No. 2 on iTunes and quickly became the most popular iTunes Gospel download.

Simpson’s rendition of “Faithfully” by Journey on Monday night’s performance round garnered a standing ovation from three out of four judges and prompted voters to put her through to the final round of the singing competition.


A winner will be crowned on the season finale of “The Voice” on Dec. 19.


Brooke is a full-blooded Native American from the Haliwa-Saponi tribe. She grew up on tribal grounds with 4,000 Native Americans, including most of her family. Every year they have a powwow and celebrate their traditions just like their forefathers. She discovered her love of music at age seven when she started singing with her parents.
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Tuesday

She brought up the two cubs after they were abandoned by the mother and brought to the Ann van Dyk Cheetah Centre near Pretoria in South Africa.

As the cheetahs were so used to human contact, they could not be reintroduced to the wild and instead became ambassadors for the centre to help educate people about the big cats.

Linda said: 'I help train these cheetahs for ambassador work. The centre used to have over 100, but now are 23 of them.

'Some of them are caught by farmers who donate them to the sanctuary instead of shooting them.

'During my ten years in Africa I have followed about 300 cheetahs, and my main work at the centre was running the adoption programme, giving educational tours and feeding and cataloguing the animals. 'The animals in the footage were two cubs born at the centre, and I helped raise them as they were abandoned by their mum.

'As they had to be hand reared, they have had human interaction and could not be released back into the wild but can be trained and used for educational purposes as ambassador cheetahs.


'I helped train these two cheetahs and they have turned out to be the best two ambassadors ever trained.


'I'm a great believer in knowing your animal. You let them get to know you. I always give my heart to the animals and the unconditional love you get in return is precious and priceless.



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For the first time in Ultimate Fighting Championship history, a female Native American fighter has reached the pinnacle of Mixed Martial Arts.

On Dec. 1, Nicco Montano defeated Roxanne Modafferi by unanimous decision to pick up UFC's inaugural women's flyweight division title. Her victory comes with a six-figure contract with the UFC.

"I've finally come to a point in my career where I can be proud of the decision I made to become a fighter," said Montano, 28.

Montano was a contestant on UFC's TV show, The Ultimate Fighter, and surprised the Indigenous community when she walked out to her championship fight to Keith Secola's classic song NDN Kars.

"I've worked very, very hard; day in and day out I've been in that gym," said Montano. "I went through this whole camp with a broken foot. I could have just said, 'I'm the one with the title shot, I can decide when I want to fight,' but that just shows how much work I've put into it."

After having the belt wrapped around her waist by UFC president Dana White, Montano thanked her family in the Navajo language, Dine Bizaad.


Montano is Navajo, Chickasaw and Hispanic, and grew up on the Navajo Reservation.

She is the daughter of a boxer and grew up bagging groceries at her family's trading post store. It was at the trading post where she was able to pick up her language, as many of the customers only spoke Navajo.


She also went to school on the reservation where she took courses that offered the Navajo language, history and culture. She said it's that sense of identity that was instilled in her during her youth, that has kept her close to her community. Montano has been in MMA for five years and prior to fighting, she was a lifeguard and a yoga teacher.


"I live in the gym, basically. I'm a coach at the gym that I train at," said Montano. "I teach kids classes because I really enjoy seeing the light on their faces after they learn a technique and after they gain some confidence from MMA. It's a lot of joy."

Immediately after her win, the Navajo Nation planned a celebration and a community potluck for the newly crowned champion.


As someone who grew up on the rez, Montano said understands the hardships that people face, and hopes that her win inspires more Indigenous folks to shoot for their dreams.
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