Monday

Friday, January 14th 2022, 3:35 pm - This is the farthest, smallest, and dimmest Full Moon of 2022. Whatever you are up to on Monday night, if you have reasonably clear skies, spare a few moments to take in the splendour of the Moon. Rising just before sunset, the Full Wolf Moon will be up all night long and will slip below the western horizon just after the Sun rises. So, there is plenty of time to check it out.

Most of us know about supermoons, when the Full Moon is closer and brighter than usual. However, have you heard about the 'micromoon'?

Opposite of a supermoon, a micromoon is a Full Moon that occurs near its farthest point from Earth in its orbit. That makes it appear smaller and dimmer than a typical Full Moon.

Monday night's Wolf Moon is the first of only two micromoons for this year, and we have to wait until December to see the second. It is also the year's apogee micromoon — the farthest, smallest, and dimmest Full Moon for all of 2022.

The full January moon carries a cool nickname, the “wolf moon” — a monicker that was coined by Native American tribes that would often hear packs of hungry wolves howling on cold and snowy nights in the middle of winter.

“It was traditionally thought that they howled due to hunger, but there is no evidence for this," the publication says. “However, wolves do tend to howl more often during winter months, and generally howl to define territory, locate pack members, and gather for hunting.”

Full moon names date back to Native Americans of a few hundred years ago, of what is now the northern and eastern United States. To keep track of the changing seasons, these tribes gave distinctive names to each recurring full moon. Their names were applied to the entire month in which each occurred.

There were some variations in the moon names, but in general, the same ones were used throughout the Algonquin tribes from New England, continuing west to Lake Superior.

European settlers followed their own customs and created some of their own names.

The Full Wolf Moon. Amid the cold and deep snows of midwinter, the wolf packs howled hungrily outside Native American villages. This moon was also known as the Old Moon or the Moon after Yule. In some tribes it was called the Full Snow Moon, but most applied that name to the next moon.

January Moon Names: Man Moon (Taos). Joyful Moon (Hopi). Avunniviayuk (Inuit). Quite Moon (Celtic). Ice Moon (San Juan). Cold Moon (Cherokee). Ice Moon (Neo-Pagan). Flying Ant Moon(Apache). Big Cold Moon (Mohawk). Cooking Moon (Choctaw). Strong Cold Moon (Sioux). Little Winter Moon (Creek). Her Cold Moon (Wishram). Cold Meal Moon (Natchez). Moon After Yule (Cherokee). Wolf Moon (Medieval English). Strong Cold Moon (Cheyenne). Quiet : Dark, Wolf : Full (Janic). Great Spirit Moon (Anishnaabe). Whirling Wind Moon (Passamaquoddy). Wolf Moon, Old Moon, Winter Moon, Yule Moon (Algonquin).

VIDEO Wolves serenade the moon

Sunday

Twenty-four buffalo including two bulls are making their home on a 365-hectare wooded lot on Cote First Nation 265 km east of Regina in Saskatchewan.

It’s the first time in 150 years that buffalo have roamed the Treaty 4 territory near Kamsack.

Hundreds of people were on hand Monday to welcome the return of the sacred animal, which was hunted to extinction by settlers after providing sustenance and shelter to the people of the plains for millennia.

The return to Cote is something Chief George Cote has been working towards for four years. He says First Nations people have fought to be where they are today.

“We’re really grateful that the buffalo is increasing in numbers as well, as a result of what happened in history,” he tells APTN News. “It’s something that you know Canada should know, non-First Nations people should know. We’re really proud how First Nations have worked with non-First Nations to bring the buffalo home.”

The buffalo is an act of reconciliation and were hauled over 900 km to their new home. They were donated by an Alberta rancher and two Christian charities,

Tearfund Canada and Loko Koa, a Samoan youth ministry, that is based in Saskatchewan. Cote is the third First Nation in the province to benefit. Peepeekisis and Zagime First Nations now have well-established herds.

Cote says there have been many difficult years, but First Nations people are resilient, like the buffalo.

So how do you tell the difference between buffalo and bison?

Bison have large humps at their shoulders and bigger heads than buffalo. They also have beards, as well as thick coats which they shed in the spring and early summer. Another simple way to tell a buffalo from a bison is to look at its horns. Cape buffalo horns resemble a handlebar mustache; they have a thick, helmet-like base and curl down, then back up.

A water buffalo’s horns are large, long and curved in a crescent, while a bison’s horns are typically sharp and shorter than the average buffalo’s.

Source

Saturday

Officially “full” on Saturday, December 18, 2021, the “Cold Christmas Moon” will be best seen rising in the northeastern sky just after dusk on Sunday, December 19, 2021.

Here’s everything you need to know to see a beautiful bright orange moonrise as the “Cold Moon” puts on a spectacular display just a few days short of the December solstice.

So what’s so special about the “Cold Christmas Moon?” Of the 12 full moons in 2021 there was a “Blue Moon,” two “Blood Moon” lunar eclipses and three so-called supermoons … and now one “micromoon.”

It’s not an official astronomical term, but this month’s full Moon is a “micro moon.” It’s the farthest of the year at 252,235 miles/405,932 kilometres. That’s about 10% farther than the average Moon-Earth distance, which makes it appear to be the smallest to us on Earth.

When is the full ‘Cold Christmas Moon?’ The Moon will be 100% illuminated by the Sun at 04:37 a.m. Universal Time (also GMT) on Sunday, December 19, 2021, which translates to 11:37 p.m. EST and 8:37 p.m. PST in North America. However, Saturday is not when to go looking for the full “Cold Moon.”

Why you should wait a day to view the full ‘Cold Christmas Moon’ Although it may seem counterintuitive, you will be far better off moon-gazing close to sunset on the following evening. That’s because only at moonrise—which occurs at dusk in the eastern sky almost opposite a setting Sun in the west—will you see our satellite draped in orange hues in the gathering twilight.

So for North America that means you should go full Moon-gazing at dusk on Sunday, December 19, 2021. Sample times for seeing the ‘Cold Christmas Moon’ rise

You should check the exact moonrise time for your location, then look to the northeast. Wait about 10 minutes and be patient—it will appear!

Why is a moonrise always orange? As the Moon rises on the horizon the observer sees its reflected light streaming through a lot of the Earth’s atmosphere. Light towards the blue end of the spectrum has shorter wavelengths so is scattered on particles in the Earth’s atmosphere while light towards the red end of the spectrum has longer wavelengths so travel through to your eyes more easily.

The result is that a moonrise looks a bright orange, turning to a pale yellow as it rises, then finally to a bright, white orb as it rises higher into the night sky.

The same thing happens to planets, too; look for Venus while you’re out moonrise-gazing and you’ll see it also turn orangey-red as it sinks into the horizon.

December Full Moon Names From Native American Tribes Kaitvitjuitk (Inuit). Cold Moon (Celtic). Night Moon (Taos). Respect Moon (Hopi). Bitter Moon (Chinese). Peach Moon (Choctaw). Twelfth Moon (Dakotah). Big Winter Moon (Creek) Real Goose Moon (Kiowa). Cold Time Moon (Mohawk). Ashes Fire Moon (San Juan). Oak Moon (Medieval English). Big BearĂ¢€™s Moon (Winnebago). Long Night Moon (Neo-Pagan). Popping Trees Moon (Arapaho). Running Wolves Moon (Cheyenne). Frost Fish Moon (Passamaquoddy). Cold Moon, Long Nights Moon (Algonquin). Snow Moon, Before Yule Moon (Cherokee). Oak Moon : Full, : Snow Moon Dark (Janic). Popping Tress Moon, Deer Horn Shedding Moon (Sioux).

Other moon names : Wolf Moon, Turning Moon, Heavy Snow Moon, Aerra Geola, Under Burn Moon, Big Winter Moon, Winter Maker Moon, Yellow Leaves Moon, Little Finger Moon, Mid-Winter Moon, Wintermonat, Small Spirits Moon.

VIDEO

Friday

With a once-in-a-few-centuries partial lunar eclipse in the sky, stargazers in North America and northeast Russia are in for a historic treat this week.

November's full beaver moon will see the longest partial lunar eclipse in over 500 years, lasting over six hours from Thursday night into Friday morning, according to NASA. Parts of South America can catch a glimpse at moonset, and parts of East Asia and Australia might see the eclipse at moonrise.

A partial lunar eclipse occurs when part of the full moon falls under Earth's shadow (unlike May's total lunar eclipse) — more than 97% of the moon will be covered at the peak of the eclipse, according to NASA.

The eclipse can be divided into the penumbral and umbral phases, according to Sky & Telescope magazine. The penumbra is the outer edge of the Earth's shadow, lasting over six hours, and the umbra is the deepest part of the shadow, lasting 3.5 hours.

Known as the beaver moon, November's full moon will be visible for about three days. The beaver moon is named after the time of year beavers retreat to their shelters for the winter, according to The Old Farmer's Almanac.

The Cree and Assiniboine peoples call this moon the frost moon as cold weather settles in, and the Tlingit call this the digging moon for foraging animals, according to The Old Farmer's Almanac.

Cultures throughout Southeast Asia also celebrate this moon with festivals, according to NASA. During the Loi Krathong festival in Thailand, people decorate and release baskets into a river. This full moon also marks the Cambodian Water Festival, which features dragon boat races.

Native American Names for November Full Moon Itartoryuk Moon (Inuit). Tree Moon (Neo-Pagan). Poverty Moon (Mohawk). Trading Moon (Cherokee). Geese Going Moon (Kiowa). Falling Leaves moon (Sioux). Fledgling Raptor Moon (Hopi). Deer Ruting Moon (Cheyenne). Freezing River Moon(Arapaho). Snow Moon (Mediaeval English). Mourning Moon : Full, Dead : Dark (Janic). Corn Harvest Moon (Taos Native American). Snowy Morning Mountains Moon (Wishram). All Gathered Moon (San Juan Native American). Beaver Moon, Frosty Moon (Algonquin Native American/Colonia).

Other moon names : Fog Moon, Deer Antler Shedding moon, Oak moon, Mad moon, Storm moon, Dark moon.

VIDEO

Wednesday

October's full moon, the hunter's moon, and the Orionid meteor shower are on this week's celestial forecast, but you might only be able to catch one of them.

The hunter's moon will be fullest at 10:58 a.m. ET on October 20, and 99% full during the evenings of October 19 and 20, according to EarthSky. The full moon coincides with the peak of the Orionid meteor shower on the morning of October 21.

Because the best viewing conditions for meteor showers are dark skies, the full moon will significantly reduce the visibility of the meteor shower -- by about 75%, according to American Meteor Society adviser Robert Lunsford.

"During a normal year, we'd certainly be focused on the Orionids," Lunsford said.

Debris from Halley's Comet creates the Orionid shower, and meteors radiate from the constellation Orion the Hunter, which is how the event gets its name, according to EarthSky. The showers can produce up to 20 meteors per hour, and Orionids are known for their speed and brightness.

The Orionid meteor shower is active until November 7, so there's still a chance to see one of these shooting stars. NASA's advice to watch the Orionids is to lie on your back with feet facing southeast in the Northern Hemisphere and northeast in the Southern Hemisphere. Orionids are most common from midnight until dawn.

Photo Credit: Charles G. Summers

If you prefer an earlier stargazing activity, watching the full moon after sunset will be your best bet. Following September's harvest moon, the hunter's moon gets its name from Native Americans who welcomed hunting season at this time of year in preparation for the winter months, according to the Farmers' Almanac.

This full moon also marks the harvest festival Sharad Purnima for Hindus and the end of Vassa, a three-month period of fasting for Buddhist monks -- both of which signal the end of monsoon season, according to NASA.

The hunter's moon is not necessarily brighter or bigger than other full moons throughout the year, according to EarthSky. But when you catch a glimpse of the moon at moonrise or moonset near the horizon, it can appear larger and more orange.

The visibility of the night sky in the US will vary these days, with clouds and storm systems moving across the states, according to CNN Digital Meteorologist Judson Jones. Tuesday night into Wednesday morning, cloud coverage will impact California, Washington, the Gulf Coast and the Appalachian Mountains. Wednesday night, western storms will move into the northern Rockies and Midwest. Alabama, Florida, Georgia and the Carolinas will also see increased cloud coverage.

October Full Moon Names from different cultures Tugluvik (Inuit). Kentenha (Mohawk). Long Hair Moon (Hopi) Ten Colds Moon (Kiowa). Falling Leaves Moon (Arapaho). Corn Ripe Moon (Taos Native American). Hunter's Moon, Blood Moon (Neo-Pagan). Leaf Fall Moon (San Juan Native American). Blood Moon, Wine Moon (Mediaeval English). Blood Moon Falling :Full, Leaf Moon :Dark (Janic). Hunter's Moon, Travel Moon, Full Dying Grass Moon (Algonquin Native American/Colonia).

Other Moon names: Spirit Moon, Snow Moon, Shedding Moon, Winterfelleth (Winter Coming), Windermanoth (Vintage Month), Falling Leaf Moon, Moon of the Changing Season, White Frost moon

VIDEO Timelapse Captures Enormous Moon Rising Above Rhode Island

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