Colleges, cities, small towns, and even states are changing the name of the controversial holiday, and if the trend continues it may be gone completely.

On the second Monday of October, many businesses in the United States will be closed for a federal holiday officially known as Columbus Day.

Businesses in the entire state of Alaska, however, will be closed for Indigenous Peoples Day, after Gov. Bill Walker renamed the holiday last year. The city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, will also celebrate its first Indigenous Peoples’ Day, after the City Council voted unanimously in June to change the name of a holiday whose namesake, they decided, was not worthy of celebrating.

Most recently, a student petition at nearby Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts has called on the administration to replace Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples Day, as a growing number of local governments and universities have done in the past few years.

Many cities have cast off the traditional holiday named for Columbus, the Italian explorer whose accidental arrival on American shores in 1492 led to the extermination of native populations.

Berkeley, California has been honoring those native populations since 1992, when the city celebrated its first Indigenous Peoples Day. Seattle has celebrated Indigenous Peoples Day since 2014, the same year that Minneapolis decided to recognize Indigenous Peoples’ Day (there is, as the New York Times noted last year, some disagreement about whether and where an apostrophe belongs in the renamed holiday).

As of last year, the second Monday of October in Portland and Albuquerque is known as Indigenous Peoples Day, and as Indigenous Peoples’ Day in the cities of Carrboro, North Carolina and San Fernando, California. Brown University, which had called the holiday Fall Weekend since 2009, will celebrate its first Indigenous People’s Day this year.

Brown is the only Ivy League school to officially recognize Indigenous People’s Day, though students at Cornell University--which has a fall break that weekend--called on the administration to do so this past spring. Harvard is the only Ivy that continues to officially observe Columbus Day (though several communities within the school refer to it as Indigenous Peoples Day instead), while the remaining five Ivies hold classes that day.

Washington and California are among 22 states that don’t recognize the second Monday in October as a paid holiday, according to the Council of State Governments. Hawaii celebrates the neutral Discoverers’ Day, while the holiday has been known as Native Americans’ Day in South Dakota since 1990.

A number of other cities have altered Columbus Day celebrations, holding unofficial community gatherings in honor of Italian-American or indigenous populations.

Congress has not taken up the issue, but in a year that has seen so many symbolic name changes at universities, other schools will surely follow Brandeis University in the coming weeks ahead of the contested holiday.


A group of city council members in Barcelona wants to take down the famous statue of Christopher Columbus in the town center, arguing that it inappropriately celebrates the explorer’s colonial history.

 The memorial of the Italian explorer, which stands 197 ft. tall, was built for the Barcelona Universal Exposition in 1888. It features a bronze statue of Columbus atop a column, with a base decorated with figures from Spanish history.

The same Barcelona council members are also calling for the city to stop celebrating a national Spanish holiday on Oct. 12 commemorating Columbus’s first arrival in the Americas.

Columbus Day in the U.S. is celebrated on the second Monday in October, although some cities observe the national holiday as Indigenous Peoples Day instead.

The image of Columbus is not the only monument on their hitlist: the councillors also want the statue of the merchant and slave trader Antonio López y López, Marquis of Comillas, removed from its plinth outside the post office building.

In its place, the trio propose a monument to commemorate the victims of the slave trade.

José María González, the Podemos-backed mayor of the southern city of Cádiz, tweeted: “We never discovered America; we massacred and suppressed a continent and its cultures in the name of God.”

Sometimes Maya might look like a regular Siberian husky puppy, but she is quite a special one.

This three-year-old from Thailand was born without any paws on her legs so the walking was an impossible task.

Maya also had problems with her hips. She was not able to even stand for more than few moments. It looked like life isn’t going to be easy for this pup.

But then Kit, her current owner, came into Maya’s life. “At that time I was looking for a puppy when I found a facebook post from a shelter that there is a puppy up for adoption.

It was mentioned that she had congenital abnormalities, no paws on all four legs”- Kit told Bored Panda. And she knew that this puppy is deserving a chance.

Kit tells that at first, it was difficult, but she won’t change this experience for anything. She calls Maya “frisky and strong” and told  that this beautiful husky “likes to play with a ball, spend time with her puppy friend Mamon and loves sleeping”.

Photos instagram

Written by Robert Redford: Robert Redford is an actor, director and trustee of the Natural Resources Defense Council

Something all too familiar is happening in North Dakota right now: Once again, Native Americans are being asked to accept a raw deal.

The short version is this: a private energy company, Energy Transfer Partners, is building a pipeline that runs from North Dakota to Illinois like a 1,200-mile zipper that cuts across four states. If completed, the Dakota Access Pipeline will carry nearly half a million barrels of oil each day across the watersheds the Standing Rock Sioux tribe use for drinking water. Now, thousands of Native Americans have gathered at one of the most controversial sections of the proposed pipeline’s path and are staging a 24/7 protest. They’ve created a settlement in the middle of their North Dakota home to try to prevent the pipeline from being finished.

The pipeline’s existence and its proposed path are each “legal,” of course. Permits were filed. Proposals were considered. A previous route much closer to Bismarck—a primarily white city—was scrapped amid concerns for its citizens’ health and well-being, and a new “more acceptable” route was carved through the home of the Standing Rock Sioux. In short, it’s the business as usual that helps private corporations get what they want in most of the United States, often at the expense of Native Americans.

But if this is legal, one must seriously question the laws of the land. They are laws that prioritize the profits of energy companies over the rights of people who actually have to live on the land, drink its water and eat its food.

The net result is that yet another Native American tribe is being asked to suffer yet again for the “good” of the rest of the country.

But who is this deal good for? There is one winner (Energy Transfer Partners) and about 7 billion losers (everyone else). Climate change is altering how we think about resource use forever, because bad resource use now affects every single one of us. Once burned, the carbon that the proposed DPAL pipeline carried will continue warming our world for years.

We can’t go back in time. We can’t unburn the carbon we’ve burnt—just as we can’t go back in time and change how we as a nation treated Native Americans. But what we can do is try, with all of our might, to break from our country’s tradition of deception and dishonesty in its treatment of its native people, and our deception and dishonesty about the true costs of fossil fuels. Often times—as is the case with the DAPL pipeline—the two are intertwined.

The time has come to recognize and name the fossil fuel industry for what it is: a clear and present danger to the health, prosperity and national security of all of our nation’s people.

National Security? Yes. A recent article in the New York Times reveals that because of climate change many cities on our Eastern Seaboard—including Norfolk, Virginia, home of Naval Station Norfolk, the world’s largest naval base—are having to cope with regular floods that 100 years ago were unheard of.

The Standing Rock protest is trying to prevent a pipeline from being built in North Dakota. But what we need to ask ourselves sooner rather than later is this: Should new pipelines be built at all? Thousands of people are actually going to North Dakota to support the Sioux. But anyone can help in other ways. You can give money. You can contribute to the Sacred Stone Camp Legal Defense Fund or to the Sacred Stone Camp gofundme account. You can give time by making phone calls. Call North Dakota governor Jack Dalrymple at 701-328-2200 and politely share your opinion, or call the White House at 202-456-1111 and politely tell President Obama to rescind the Army Corps of Engineers’ permit for the Dakota Access Pipeline. Though not all of us are able to go to North Dakota and actually stand with Standing Rock, we can stand united. We can be a sea of people, rising up together to prevent the seas from rising and our history of mistreatment of Native Americas from repeating. The Sioux people of North Dakota aren’t just fighting for their homes and their water. They’re fighting for our homes and water, our families and futures, our children’s chances for a habitable home.
 Written by Robert Redford for Time Magazine


Indigenous Peoples’ Day may soon be an official holiday in Phoenix.

 In an unanimous vote, a subcommittee recommended City Council approval of a resolution for the commemoration of Indigenous Peoples’ Day to be celebrated annually the second Monday of October.

If passed in City Council, Phoenix would be the largest city in the nation to officially celebrate the day. The vote came from Phoenix’s brand new subcommittee for Sustainability, Housing, Efficiency and Neighborhoods, which met for the first time Tuesday morning.

The Indigenous Peoples’ Day movement is a nationwide campaign which opposes Columbus Day as a national holiday, because the movement feels Columbus Day fails to teach about the advancements and major contributions of native people in the colonization and innovation of the Americas. Advocates work to replace the holiday with Indigenous Peoples’ Day, a day for promoting Native American culture.

“It’s probably also a good day to say thank you to our neighbors, the tribal communities who have been our great partners,” Vice Mayor Kate Gallego said. “We certainly benefit a lot from our Native American communities and we could probably do better to say thank you more often so this will be a great opportunity.”

Phoenix Native American organizations also are advocating to make the celebration open for widespread public support by hosting a variety of events in the downtown area to help spread public awareness of the proposed holiday.

Hopi Children

The Heard Museum will host two events in honor of Indigenous Peoples’ Day, a documentary screening of “Last American Indian on Earth” Oct. 9 and a panel discussion on art law and Native American identity. There will also be a panel on Oct. 10. The panel will include a number of local native artists and Matika Wilbur, a blogger who advocates to give Native Americans a contemporary voice.

“I think what Indigenous Peoples’ Day stands for is really showing facets, or untold histories, or untold and unseen realities, of American Indian culture,” said Jaclyn Roessel, public programs and education director for the Heard Museum.

Belen Murguia from Los Angeles dances 

Roesell said she believes many people aren’t aware of Native Americans as contemporary modern citizens, and she feels the panel will help increase their visibility.

“I think that is a great foundation to have when talking about, well why are American Indian representatives advocating for acknowledgment of Indigenous Peoples’ Day,” Roessel said.

Indigenous Peoples’ Day Arizona, Valley Natives, Indigenous Visions and the Puente Human Rights Movement are working together to hold an Indigenous Peoples’ Day celebration Oct. 10 that will include traditional paleo food, local native musicians, artists and guest speakers.

Laura Medina, a Native American member of the downtown community and member of Valley Natives, said she hopes to rally not only those of the Native American culture, but anyone who has indigenous roots to practice solidarity.

“I think by continuing to label ourselves as a race — white, black, American Indian — is erasing that part of indigeneity,” Medina said.

The idea is to empower American society, starting in communities, to “take up the work on really pushing the legislation to acknowledge and make (Indigenous Peoples’ Day) official,” Medina said.