Appreciate the amazing beauty of wolves
Most people are familiar with the concept of an Alpha male, as it pertains to wolf packs, but larger packs will often also have an “omega” wolf. This wolf is at the bottom of the pecking order and is also often the target of the alpha’s and pack’s “social aggression,” even to the point of being exiled.
Gray wolves differ slightly in size, color, and skull size across different regions, with such slight differences that scientists don’t always agree on how many races there are. Twenty-four subspecies were originally defined in North America, but today many believe there may be as few as five different wolf subspecies in North America.
Wolves use urination and defecation as a form of scent marking, allowing them to claim and mark their territory. When breeding season nears, alpha pairs will often urinate in the same spot to alert other wolves that a pair has already bonded, and also perhaps as a signal to each other they are ready to mate.
Howling is used by wolves for several functions: reassembling the pack after a long chase, as a social bonding method, and to protect its territory against other packs. Wolves tend to howl more when they are protecting something, like their pups or food, to warn any other packs in the area to beware.