Pretty Nose (c. 1851 – after 1952) was an Arapaho woman, and according to her grandson, was a war chief who participated in the Battle of the Little Bighorn in 1876.

In some sources, Pretty Nose is called Cheyenne, although she was identified as Arapaho on the basis of her red, black and white beaded cuffs. The two tribes were allies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn and are still officially grouped together as the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes.

According to a 1878 Laton Alton Huffman photograph which shows the two girls together, Pretty Nose had a sister named Spotted Fawn who was 13 in 1878 making Spotted Fawn about 14 years younger than Pretty Nose.

Pretty Nose's grandson, Mark Soldier Wolf, became an Arapaho tribal elder who served in the US Marine Corps during the Korean War. She witnessed his return to the Wind River Indian Reservation in 1952, at the age of 101.

During the nineteenth century Indian women, and particularly Indian women leaders, were invisible to the American government. Some Indians have gone so far as to say that the Americans were so afraid of Indian women that they would not allow them to sit or speak in treaty councils with the United States government. Even today, Indian women are conspicuous by their absence in American history.

Portrait of Pretty Nose wearing cloth dress with woven cloth belt and buffalo robe. Also wearing earrings, bracelet, rings, and necklace - Date (Unknown or Estimated) [1878]

Sisters: Spotted Fawn and Pretty Nose holding hands.

Responses to "Pretty Nose: A Fierce and Uncompromising Woman War Chief You Should Know"

  1. Al says:

    I would that I had known of her before. To honor her should have occurred long ago, for this I apologize.

  2. Absolutely in breath of knowing the difference

  3. Anonymous says:

    wow just wow

  4. Anonymous says:

    She is on the cover of and is mentioned in a very beautiful book called "the Mothers' Revenge" by Jim Fergus. Not sure it's been published in the US though. But this book and it's prequel have been huge in France. The book very much honors her courage. I am glad to know she lived to more than 109 years old!

  5. Unknown says:

    Stand up for our original Americans - even today we 'disappear' them and continue to take what is their's. Shameful. Honor her history and that of her people.

  6. Unknown says:

    as a native American by heritage I am always for my sisters....

  7. Anonymous says:

    Wish I could have sat down and learned from this proud, strong, wise and fearless woman! The western world and settlers have disrespected and tried to hide their greed and rape of these authentic nature preserving people for too long! It's time to elect Native Americans to rule the US government and see what difference it could make for the future of this planet!

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