This full moon is the closest to Earth it's been since January 1948, and the closest full moon to date in the 21st century

What is a Supermoon? A winter supermoon is supersized, because the Earth is closest to the sun in December each year, which means its gravity pulls the moon closer to the planet making it appear brighter and larger than those that occur during the rest of the year.

Since the moon's orbit is elliptical, one side (perigee) is about 30,000 miles (48, 280 km) closer to Earth than the other (apogee).

What is the astronomical term for a Supermoon? A “perigee-syzygy”. “Perigee” refers to the closest point on the Moon's elipsis, and “syzygy” refers to three celestial bodies being in a straight line together. Most people just say Supermoon.

The full moon is known as the "Beaver Moon." The names of the full moons are from the Native American tradition of keeping track of the seasons. The Beaver Moon is believed to mark the activity of the aquatic rodent's preparation for winter. The name Full Beaver Moon comes from the fact that the beavers are now actively preparing for winter. It is sometimes also referred to as the Frosty Moon.

Full Moon names date back to Native Americans, of what is now the northern and eastern United States. The tribes kept track of the seasons by giving distinctive names to each recurring full Moon. Their names were applied to the entire month in which each occurred. There was some variation in the Moon names, but in general, the same ones were current throughout the Algonquin tribes from New England to Lake Superior.

Native American Names for November Full Moon Itartoryuk Moon (Inuit). Tree Moon (Neo-Pagan). Poverty Moon (Mohawk). Trading Moon (Cherokee). Geese Going Moon (Kiowa). Falling Leaves moon (Sioux). Fledgling Raptor Moon (Hopi). Deer Ruting Moon (Cheyenne). Freezing River Moon(Arapaho). Snow Moon (Mediaeval English). Mourning Moon : Full, Dead : Dark (Janic). Corn Harvest Moon (Taos Native American). Snowy Morning Mountains Moon (Wishram). All Gathered Moon (San Juan Native American). Beaver Moon, Frosty Moon (Algonquin Native American/Colonia).

Other moon names : Fog Moon, Deer Antler Shedding moon, Oak moon, Mad moon, Storm moon, Dark moon.

 Photo Credit Mj Springett

Photo Credit: Charles G.Summers,Jr 

Photo AP
It is the largest super moon since 1948, Pictured over the Gold Coast. Picture: NIGEL HALLETT

The supermoon finds a gap in the clouds over Sydney Dallas Kilponen

#Supermoon rising over the Oceti Sakowin Camp in ND, where Standing Rock Sioux are camped out against the Dakota Access oil pipeline. Photo Mike Newberg

The supermoon rises over the Missouri River, pictured from the Standing Rock Indian Reservation near Cannon Ball, North Dakota. REUTERS/Stephanie Keith 

The moon rises over Springfield, Ill. AP Photo/Seth Perlman 

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